Тести та завдання 1 страница

Виконуючи тести та завдання, ще раз зверніть увагу на особливості вживання модальних дієслів та їх еквівалентів (таблиця 1).

Test 1.Виберіть необхідне модальне дієслово або його еквівалент.

1. My sight is getting worse.

Next year, I’m afraid, I … read without glasses.

a) can not b) may not c) won’t be able to

2. Don’t you see I’m tired? You … me, darling.

a) might have … helped b) could … help c) may … help

3. Police, firefighters, newspaper reporters and radio broadcasters … work on holiday in the USA.

a) could b) might c) must

4. The real history of the period between 1688 and the middle of the eighteenth century … summed Тести та завдання 1 страница up in three words: accumulation of capital.

a) need be b) will be able to be c) can be.

5. The power of knowledge … placed in the hands of decent people.

a) should be

b) ought to be

c) need to be.

6. We … commemorate great people.

a) must

b) need to

c) may

7. Whatever else the government … to undertake its duty is to keep order in civil society.

a) must try

b) might try

c) may try

8. No museum … ever … buy even one painting by this artist.

a) has … been able to

b) might … have

c) has … been allowed to.

9. Twelve delegates representing scientific groups from several countries arrive Тести та завдання 1 страница for six days of talks at the end of February.

a) will be able to

b) will be to

c) will have to

10. … you … get up early yesterday to meet the delegation at the airport?

a) Did … have to

b) Had … to

c) Have … had to

Таблиця 1 - Модальні дієслова та їх еквіваленти Future Indefinite He will be able to help you. Він зможе допомогти вам. have to meet him Я повинен буду зустріти його I shall be allowed to take this book I shall be permitted to take this book. Я зможу взяти цю книгу
He will I shall
Past Indefinite He could help you. He Тести та завдання 1 страница was able to help you. Він міг допомогти вам. I had to meet him. I was to meet him. Я повинен був зустріти його I might take this book. I was allowed to take this book. I was permitted to take this book Я міг взяти цю книгу
Present Indefinite He can help you. He is able to help you. Він може допомогти вам. I must meet him. I have to meet him. I am to meet him. I shouldmeet him. Я повинен зустріти його I may take this book I am allowed to take this book. I am Тести та завдання 1 страница permitted to take this book. Я можу взяти цю книгу
Modal Verbs / Equivalents can = to be able to Розумова, фізична спроможність. must = have to be to should Обов’язок may = be allowed to be permitted to Можливість, дозвіл

Test 2.Вставте потрібне модальне дієслово або його еквівалент.

1. You … take care of your parents

a) should b) ought to c) are to

2. The leopard … not change his sports.

a) need b) can c) ought

3. We … learn from the past.

a) may b) need c) must

4. Teenagers who commit crimes … be treated as adults and sentenced to the punishment.

a) would b) should c Тести та завдання 1 страница) ought to

5. The Senate and the House of Representatives … approve a bill for it to become a law.

a) had to b) must c) was to

6. Excuse me, … you tell me the way to the House of Parliament, please?

a) could b) may c) will

7. … you come and sit down?

a) Could b) Are c) Won’t

8. … you like a cup of coffee?

a) Should b) Would c) Could

9. I … mind a drink, if you care for another glass of wine.

a) shouldn’t b) wouldn’t c) haven’t

10. … you come and present a new idea to the audience?

a) Are b) Could Тести та завдання 1 страница c) Won’t

Test 3.Виберіть модальне дієслово або його еквівалент.

1. You will … speak Spanish in another few months.

A. can C. be able to

B. have D. ought to

2. I’d like.. skate.

A. to can C. to have to

B. to be able to D. could

3. Nobody … answer the phone.

A. should C. can

B. would D. must

4. I’m sorry. I … have phoned to tell you I was coming.

A. should C. had to

B. ought to D. could

5. To my mind, the government … take care of old people.

A. ought to C. must

B. need to D. may

6. I … get up early on Mondays.

A. am able Тести та завдання 1 страница C. must

B. have to D. may

7. The policeman told the woman she … worry.

A. needn’t C. couldn’t

B. needn’t to D. didn’t have to

8. … you mind passing me the salt?

A. will C. could

B. should D. would

9. As you … remember, I was always interested in scientific experiments.

A. may C. must

B. have to D. ought to

10. Little children like books with large print. They … read them easily.

A. can C. must

B. shall D. ought to

11. … I speak to Jane, please?

A. could C. must

B. shall D. ought to

12. My dentist says I … eat so many sweets.

A. needn’t C. ought not

B. mustn’t Тести та завдання 1 страница D. shouldn’t

13. – Why hasn’t Mr. Grill got in touch with us?

- I don’t know. It … be that he has lost our phone number.

A. may C. must

B. ought to D. should

14. – Lui seems to be avoiding you.

– I can’t tell you for certain. She … have been hurt by my words about her boyfriend.

A. should C. might

B. must D. needn’t

Test 4.Вставте необхідне модальне дієслово або його еквівалент.

1. What time tomorrow … I see you?

A. can C. could

B. have to D. will be able to

2. I … just hear what he has told them.

A. can C. to have Тести та завдання 1 страница to

B. could D. will have to

3. I … write a message to him because I have his address.

A. could C. will be able to

B. can D. will have to

4. I … write a message to him because I hadn’t his address.

A. can’t C. wasn’t to

B. couldn’t D. will not be able to

5. We … do all these exercises in five minutes.

A. can C. will be able to

B. couldn’t D. weren’t to

6. Oleg … swim when he was six years old.

A. can C. was to

B. will have to D. could.

7. … we go into your garden now Тести та завдання 1 страница, aunt?

A. can C. could

B. may D. might

8. Frederick asked if he … borrow Tom’s bicycle.

A. can C. might

B. may D. is able to

9. Charles asked his aunt if he … smoke in the sitting – room.

A. can C. might

B. may D. could

10. Aunt Margaret said that he could come but he … not.

A. may C. isn’t allowed to

B. might D. wasn’t able to

Test 5.Вставте доречне модальне дієслово.

1. We asked mother if she thought it … rain.

A. may B. can C. might

2. I … hear every word you said.

A. may B. . could С. can

3. Henry … lift that heavy box right now.

A. may Тести та завдання 1 страница B. will haven’ t C.can

4. You have worked hard all day, you … be tired.

A. can B must C..will

5. - I can hear Brown’s phone ringing but no one is answering it.

- Oh, they … be at home.

A. mustn’t B. might not С. can’t

6. - Must I come at four o’clock?

- Oh, no, you … come at four, it’s too early.

A. can’t B. needn’t C. shouldn’t

7. Remember, you … be too late or all the best cakes may be gone.

A. mustn’t В. can’t C.needn’t

8. But I … go home first to put Тести та завдання 1 страница on another frock.

A. can B. may C. must

9. I … see the dentist tomorrow about my bad tooth.

A. can B.shall have to C. must

10. They … run if they want to catch the train.

A. must B.will have to C. will be able to

Test 6.Виберіть доречний модальний еквівалент, що підходить за змістом.

1. I … go to the dentist yesterday about my bad tooth.

A. have to B. will have to C. had to

2. We … clear away the snow before we can get to the gate.

A. must B. may C. needn’t

3. I … read the story to the end ’cause I want to Тести та завдання 1 страница see who gets the treasure.

A. may B. can C. must

4. Little girl … open the box of chocolates until her sister comes home.

A. may B. mustn’t C. can’t

5. – I want to go home to put on another frock.

– Oh, you … do that. The frock you’re wearing is very nice.

A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t

6. Oh, yes. I must change my frock, but you … worry, I’ll be in time.

A. mustn’t B. couldn’t C. needn’t

7. You … do the work this evening, it is not urgent.

A. needn’t В. couldn’t С . mustn’t

8. I Тести та завдання 1 страница told him that he … have said those silly things.

A. needn’t B. shouldn’t С. can’t

9. You … sit there in your wet clothes, you will catch cold if you do.

A. needn’t В. mustn’t С. mayn’t

10. They … do all the exercises, it will be enough if they do four of them.

A. needn’t В. mustn’t С. can’t

Test 7.Виберіть необхідне модальне дієслово або його еквівалент з запропонованих нижче.

1. We … go away just yet; our train doesn’t leave for half an hour yet.

A. mustn’t В. needn’t С. mayn’t

2. I … give an Тести та завдання 1 страница answer at once.

A. can В. must С. may

3. They … leave the house because the new owner wants to move in.

A. must В. can С. may

4. “You … spend all your money”, his mother said.

A. mustn’t В. can’t С. couldn’t

5. – Fred, it’s your bed – time. You … go to bed now.

A. may В. must С. can

6. Yesterday Mrs. Green told her daughters that they … help her with the work in the house.

A. must В. might С. had to

7. Ellen, you’re big enough, you.. dust the sitting – room.

A. can В. must С. may

8. You, Mary … make the beds Тести та завдання 1 страница. You’re not a kid any more.

A. can В. are able to С. must

9. Yesterday Margaret was very busy. She … mend daddy’s clothes.

A. must В. may С. had to

10. Today Lillian will not go for a walk. She … help her mother in the vegetable garden.

A. must В. had to С. might

Test 8.Вставте необхідне модальне дієслово або його еквівалент з поданих нижче.

1. A word in English … often have more than one meaning.

A. must В. may С. can

2. You … use a(an) with countable nouns.

A. can’t В. can С. couldn’t

2. You … use a(an) with uncountable nouns Тести та завдання 1 страница.

A. can’t В. can С. may

3. The wood belonged to lord Northwood, a rich gentleman, and no one … go there.

A. can’t В. could С. may not

4. One … break a piece of a chalk.

A. could В. couldn’t С. can

5. But one … have the “whiteness” of the chalk without the chalk.

A. can В. can’t С. could

6. One of the men asked Serhiy if he … tell them what the weather would be like for the following few days.

A. can В. might С. could

7. These old people know more of the secrets of nature than our science … tell Тести та завдання 1 страница us.

A. will be able to В. will be allowed to С. can

8. Although it was foggy I … see the car in the distance.

A. can B. could С. might

9. She thought she … finish her work by seven o’clock.

A. may B. might С. could

Виконуючи завдання, що подані нижче, зверніть увагу на визначники часу, які супроводжують часові зміни в реченнях з модальними дієсловами та їх еквівалентами.

Task 1.Змініть час в реченнях на майбутній, вживаючи слова в дужках.

1. He can’t speak to you now ( in an hour ).

2. They can’t buy a new piano ( in August ).

3. Tom can’t leave hospital now Тести та завдання 1 страница ( in a fortnight ).

4. I can’t take the watch to the watchmaker today ( the day after tomorrow ).

5. They can’t speak English well now ( in a year or two ).

6. You can’t open a visa to Spain at present ( in a month ).

Task 2.Змініть час в реченнях на минулий, зробіть їх заперечними. Вживайте слова в дужках.

1. I can meet you today ( last night ).

2. I can go with you now ( an hour ago ).

3. The students can translate well now ( three months ago ).

4. Roger can play the violin well ( a few years ago ).

5. He can come tonight ( yesterday Тести та завдання 1 страница morning ).

6. She can cure her children herself (last year).

Task 3.Замініть наведені речення на запитальні, вживаючи дієслова can/could для висловлення сильного сумніву.

1. They know how to get there.

2. She is trying so hard to please everybody now.

3. He is telling the truth now.

4. He knows the language quite well.

5. Children like to play here.

Task 4. Поставте речення в заперечну форму, вживаючи дієслово can/could для висловлення сильного сумніву.

1. He understands every word you say.

2. She really likes that inquisitive child.

3. She is crying.

4. They are criticizing everything we do very much.

5. We hear strange sounds through the closed window Тести та завдання 1 страница.

Task 5.Поставте речення в минулий час, вживаючи правильну форму інфінітива.

1. It can’t be so difficult after all.

2. You cannot know this.

3. But she cannot mean it.

4. He can’t like the place.

5. They can’t be very tired.

Task 6.Утворіть речення, які виражають заборону, вживаючи дієслово can. Вживайте подані нижче комбінації слів.

1. to cross the street here;

2. to write in pencil;

3. to take pictures here;

4. to raise one’s voice;

5. to please everybody.

Task 7.Утворіть речення для вираження дозволу, вживаючи дієслово can. Використовуйте такі комбінації слів.

1. to take smb’s book;

2. to have milk with one’s Тести та завдання 1 страница coffee;

3. to leave the child with the grandparents;

4. to drop in at a shop;

5. to use one’s dictionary.

Task 8.Поставте розділові запитання до речень.

1. Smoking can be very bad for health, …?

2. Your sister can cook very well, …?

3. You couldn’t ride a bicycle when you were six, …?

4. John couldn’t play chess when he was young, …?

5. No one can open the door, …?

Task 9. Перепишіть речення, вживаючи дієслово can..

1. Mary is sometimes very rude.

2. All of us are occasionally forgetful.

3. This medicine is often very good for the flu.

4. A foreign language is often of great value to us Тести та завдання 1 страница.

5. This child is frequently very annoying.

Task 10.Утворіть речення, які виражають дозвіл, вживаючи дієслово may. Кожне речення починайте з “You …” .

1. open the window.

2. go and watch the TV program.

3. leave the office as soon as you have finished.

4. take my car.

5. take two books home with you.

6. speak to the secretary.

7. have a copy of the letter.

8. see Mr. Jones.

9. have a sweet.

10. take your book.

Task 11.Виберіть модальне дієслово should, shouldn’t, may, mustn’t, might, яке найбільше підходить. Напишіть варіант відповіді.

1. The baby is asleep. You … shout.

2. We’ve got plenty of time. We … hurry.

3. You … come if you don Тести та завдання 1 страница’t want to.

4. This book is very valuable. You … lose it.

5. We have enough food at home. So we … go shopping today.

6. Tom gave me a letter to post. I … forget to post it.

Task 12.Виберіть модальне дієслово, яке найкраще підходить за змістом. Дайте свій варіант відповіді.

1. (Can, may, must) you speak English?

2. I (can, may) jump off this box, but I (can’t, may not ) jump off that wall.

3. (May, must) I have a cup of tea, please?

4. (May, must) I take a biscuit, Mum?

5. I (can, may) type this letter for you. Don’t worry Тести та завдання 1 страница.

Task 13.Виберіть модальне дієслово, яке найбільше підходить.

1. (May, can) I come in?

2. ( Can, must) you go now?

– Yes, I (can, have to) leave immediately.

3. (Did you have to, could you) take a taxi?

– I’m afraid I (had to, might).

4. (May, must) I smoke here?

Task 14.Виберіть форму модального дієслова, яка найкраще підходить.

1. (Can, must) you get up early tomorrow morning? – Yes, I’ll have to get up at 6 o’clock.

2. (Do we have to, may we) walk to the station? - No, we (needn’t, may not). We can catch a bus.

3. Hasn’t your friend arrived yet Тести та завдання 1 страница? How long (have you had to, may you) wait for him? I (may, have had to) wait for two hours.

4. (may I, had I to) speak to you now?

Task 15.Виберіть модальне дієслово, яке найбільше підходить.

1. My daughter (can, may, must) already read.

2. He (can, need) run fast.

3. I (can, must) go to the library. I have time to work there.

4. If you want to speak good English you (may, can, must) work hard.

5. I (mustn’t, needn’t) water the flowers now, it’ll rain soon.

6. I (had to, can) get up very early yesterday.

Task 16.Виберіть дієслово (a,b Тести та завдання 1 страница), яке найкраще підходить.

1. You must … a fool to think so.

a) be b) to be

2. Mind, you must not … it all at once.

a) spend b) to spend

3. I must … some shopping before school.

a) do b) to do

4. She must … . It’s five to ten already.

a) hurry b) to hurry

5. The pupils must … their classroom.

a) clean b) to clean

6. Everybody must … in for sports.

a) go b) to go

Task 17. Виберіть дієслово (a,b), яке найбільше підходить за змістом речення.

1. Our pupils can … good English.

a) speak b) to speak

2. We can … a month’s holiday in summer.

a) take b) to take

3. The boy Тести та завдання 1 страница can’t … a box.

a) lift b) to lift

4. Can I … with you for a while?

a) sit b) to sit

5. You can’t … the street here.

a) cross b) to cross

6. What poems can you …?

a) recite b) to recite

Task 18. Виберіть форму дієслова (a,b), яка найбільше підходить.

1. The teacher told my friend that she must … at the meeting.

a) speak b) be speaking

10. The line is busy; someone must … the telephone now.

a) use b) be using

11. Bob is absent. He must … ill now.

a) be b) have been

12. He is having a walk. He must … better

a) be feeling b Тести та завдання 1 страница) have felt

5. She must … at the library now because all of her books are gone.

a) study b) be studying.

6. Ann must … married because she does not attend classes.

a) have got b) be getting

Task 19.Виберіть форму дієслова (a,b), яка найбільше підходить в реченні.

1. The streets are wet: it … have rained last night.

a) should b) must

2. The pen won’t write, it’s ink … have run out.

a) can b) must

3. My friend must … yesterday.

a) be called b) have called

4. The ring that I was looking at in the jewelry store is gone. Someone else must … it.

a) buy b) have bought

5. He doesn Тести та завдання 1 страница’t have his keys; he must … them in his case.

a) lock b) have locked

6. I don’t see Martha anywhere. She must … in the garden.

a) be left b) have been left

Task 20.Виберіть дієслово (a,b), яке найбільше підходить.

1. Whatever you decide, you mustn’t … thinking about the prospects.

a) stop b) have stopped

2. I must … the room twice a day. It’s stuffy here.

a) air b) have aired

3. The pupils must … this performance last year.

a) see b) have seen

4. Your friend is absent today. He must … ill.

a) be b) have been

5. She must … this translation tomorrow.

a) have done Тести та завдання 1 страница b) do

6. Think how she must … now.

a) suffer b) be suffering

Task 21.Виберіть дієслово (a,b), яке найбільше підходить.

1. He can’t … English for ten years.

a) be teaching b) have been teaching

2. You’ve only just had dinner. You can’t … hungry already.

a) be b) have been

3. Can he … at home now?

a) be b) have been

4. They can’t … for us now.

a) wait b) be waiting

5. The boy can’t … his way. He knows the city well.

a) be losing b) have lost

6. Can they … this question now?

a) be discussing b) have been discussing

Task 22.Виберіть дієслово (a,b), яке Тести та завдання 1 страница найкраще підходить.

1. She could … fluently when she was six.

a) read b) to read

2. The pupil could not … the problem.

a) solve b) to solve

3. Could it … so late now?

a) be b) to be

4. The boy could not … a lie.

a) be telling b) tell

5. Could you … me your pen?

a) lend b) to lend

6. They could not … a decent man.

a) have insulted b) to have insulted

Task 23.Виберіть дієслово, яке найбільше підходить.

1. Children may … books from the school library.

a) borrow b) to borrow

2. May I … your excursion?

a) join b) to join

3. The director is alone. You may … him in his Тести та завдання 1 страница office.

a) see b) to see

4. You may … a taxi by telephone.

a) order b) to order

5. She may … this magazine till Monday.

a) keep b) to keep

6. He must not … the room until I say so.

a) leave b) to leave

Task 24.Виберіть форму дієслова, яка найбільше підходить.

1. He may … the letter but the signature is certainly not his.

a) be writing b) have written

2. Her daughter may … at school now. She hasn’t come yet.

a) be b) have been

3. She may … her bag in the shop. She hasn’t lost it.

a) be leaving b) have left

4. My son may … at his report now.

a) be Тести та завдання 1 страница working b) have been working

5. They may … French for two years.

a) be learning b) have been learning.

6. She may … the dictionary already.

a) be buying b) have bought

Task 25.Виберіть дієслово, яке найбільше підходить.

1. You might … the parcel for me.

a) carry b) to carry

2. Might I … you?

a) join b) to join

2. Might I … a word to you?

a) speak b) to speak

3. She might … the window.

a) have broken b) to have broken

5. It is late. The child might …

a) be sleeping b) to be sleeping

6. The manager might … in his office.

a) be b) to be

Task 26.Виберіть дієслово, яке Тести та завдання 1 страница найбільше підходить.

1. He is … Mother at the station at 6 p.m.

a) meet b) to meet

2. We had … him all the details the day before.

a) tell b) to tell

3. You needn’t … here if you don’t want to.

a) stay b) to stay

4. They ought not … in pencil.

a) write b) to write

5. The tourists will be able … the village before darkness.

a) reach b) to reach

6. She should … better care of her health.

a) take b) to take

Task 27.Висловiть такі речення в минулому часі. Зробіть всі необхідні граматичні зміни.

1.That is all I can do for the moment. 2. We can’t allow Тести та завдання 1 страница you to leave without asking about your new job. 3. Your paper may be published at our Institute. 4. My friend is satisfied that he may work at the computing center for students of our faculty. 5. Every student must know that our professor is well-known for his great inventions. 6. The students must know the rules of behaviour in the hostels as well as contract obligations. 7. An electronic calculator can add, subtract, multiply and divide. 8. Information or data can be stored in the computer’s memory or storage. 9. You may go to the student’s club while you have your Тести та завдання 1 страница summer holidays. 10. You can gain time by holding out there as long as possible.

Task 28.Перефразуйте такі речення, вживаючи, де можливо, модальне дієслово can.

1. The event has proved that atomic research was impossible to do without Kurchatov’s genius. 2. You are almost a scientist, Ihor, I am unable to recognize you. 3. She was able to continue her research with a reasonable amout of accuracy. 4. She had not slept since midnight. 5. She had not been able to begin her own research since she figured out her disadvantageous position. 6. I was never able to think that I could make the benefit of this Тести та завдання 1 страница cooperation. 7. I am deeply disappointed. I am not able to work at my experiment for days and weeks like a real scientist. 8. She will be able to answer your question about outstanding scientists who worked in the field of nuclear physics. 9.It is possible to gpoup similar elements according to their position in Mendeleyev’s table.

Task 29.Перекладіть речення, звертаючи увагу на функції модальних дієслів.

1.Your English is quite good for a beginner. You can read English books in the original. 2. Do you think that the word “phase” when properly used in technical terminology can be referred to time Тести та завдання 1 страница? 3. Can you imagine that only similar substances become electrified or acquire electrical charges, being touched together and then separated? 4. Do you think that the force developed by the generator can depend on the number of coils in the armature as well as on the speed of rotation? 5. Can you know anything about electrically charged particles? 6. Do you know that any two dissimilar substances could be electrified? 7. Do you know that the atom can be regarded as an electrical system? 8. Can you tell us anything about famous scientists in the field of physics? 9. Do you think that it was Yoffe Тести та завдання 1 страница who formulated a systematic theory of semiconductors? 10. Can’t you think that a long series of experiments enabled the scientist to succeed in the physics of semiconductors?

Task 30.Перекладіть нижченаведені речення українською мовою, звертаючи увагу на модальне дієслово may, яке виражає припущення.

1. Minerals and crystals may possess properties whitch increase with heating and decrease with cooling. 2. Today a group of students may have practical training in the laboratory of semiconductors. 3. The teacher might ask the students about the properties and uses of semiconductor materials. 4. Investigations of the properties of radioactivity may show the strength of the radiation to be Тести та завдання 1 страница independent of any influences. 5. This device may be adapted for the study of radioactivity. 6. You might have heard the name of the outstanding scientist, academician Serhiy Korolyov. 7. You might tell us anything about the application of semiconductors. 8. You may know that semiconductors can generate heat from electricity. 9. You might have heard the name of the great scientist, academician I.Kurchatov.

Task 31.Скажіть, в якому значенні вжито модальне дієслово may в нижченаведених реченнях. Дайте переклад українською мовою.

1. It might have been years before mankind put all the efforts into the development of atomic industry. 2. They might have completed a series of Тести та завдання 1 страница experiments. 3. I suppose he might have discovered the way of conducting these experiments. 4. This may have been the right way of splitting the atom. 5. May it be the truth that these scientists made a major discovery in nuclear physics? 6. May it have been his own contribution into neuron research? 7. We might even suggest that the most important discovery was still ahead of us. 8. Only a long series of experiments may enable the scientists to find high-performance systems. 9. It might have taken a lot of time before all the data compiled by Yoffe enabled him to formulate Тести та завдання 1 страница a systematic theory of semiconductors.

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